REDD+ Primary Industry Stakeholders
Forestry Priority Species
There are five main species that Vanuatu Forestry is encouraging farmers to grow. These species are selected based on studies and wide consultations as forestry sector develops to maturity after the independence. The species have characteristics to adapt to Vanuatu climate and has commercial values. For nut trees such as badamier and nangallier, they provide edible seeds that is also very rich in nutrition.
These species includes :
- Sandalwood, Local name: Sandal wud, scientific name: Santalum austracalenonicum
- Whitewood, Local name: Wait wud, scientific name: Endospermum medullosum
- Mahogany, Local name: Makoni, scientific name: Swietemia humillis
- Badamier, Local name: Natapoa, scientific name: Terminalia samoesi
- Nangallier, Local name: Nangai, Scientific name: Canarium Indicum
Farming Tilapia fish and freshwater prawns is now one of the methods encourage by the Vanuatu Fisheries department to improve protein in diets within local families in Vanuatu. It is now being seen as a potential REDD+ land management options in reducing pressure on the forests.
Tilapia aquaculture has become one of the most important fish in the world. It is yet an introduced species to farmers around Vanuatu but it is easy and most profitable to farm. It is easy in the sense that also farmers having limited water supply can manage with small fish ponds they have.
Freshwater prawns on the other hand is also a very profitable practice farmers having access to unlimited running water can have. Unlike tilapia, freshwater prawns needed more care. A good flow of water is needed and also it is very important to supply the prawns with enough oxygen they need. For farmers using ponds other than tanks or water containers, the soil must also be in good condition to retain water. The fisheries department based in Port Vila has all the necessary information a farmer may need to acquire before raising a tilapia fish pond or freshwater prawns.
Agriculture is the most engaged activity for rural people in Vanuatu. Subsistence farming being at the top of regular day to day work is the only means that majority of local farmers meet family needs. With the growing population having pressure on the natural resources, and impact of climate change on food security, unfortunate families with limited land, resources and useful information are now being disadvantaged. With the understanding that forests and trees plays a vital role to fighting climate change, certain agricultural practices needs to be considered example slashing and burning. Agricultural research has identified some other techniques that can be used otherwise.
Agro-Forestry and Soil fertility improvement techniques are some of the very interesting and significant practices that local farmers need to equipped with. Alley cropping using crops and gliricidia is a perfect example of a practice that can sustain a farmer in a limited land. While landscaping trees along with food crops provide for both short and long term benefits.
Culturally in Vanuatu, pigs are normally raised in backyards and chicken (local Species) are being let to freely roaming within the village. On a larger scale, poultry and piggery is also a profitable practice. It is an alternate source of income that is being encouraged by the national REDD+ Team during consultations within the selected islands. Like tilapia and Freshwater prawns, commercially farming poultry and piggery only need a minimum area of land area but produce maximum quantity expected when well managed.
With trees centered as carbon sequestering tool to reducing impact of climate change, silvo-pastoral is a possible practice that farmers can adopt. Silvo-pastoral is the method of combining trees and animals in which all resources can be easily managed within a limited land area.